grain

/greɪn / (say grayn)

noun
1. a small hard seed, especially a seed of one of the cereal plants: wheat, rye, oats, barley, maize, or millet.
2. the gathered seeds of cereal plants in the mass.
3. the plants themselves, whether standing or gathered.
4. any small, hard particle, as of sand, gold, pepper, gunpowder, etc.
5. the smallest unit of weight in most imperial systems, originally determined by the weight of a plump grain of wheat. In the British and US systems – avoirdupois, troy, and apothecaries' – the grain is identical and equal to 64.798 918 × 10-6 kg. In an avoirdupois ounce there are 437.5 grains; in the troy and apothecaries' ounces there are 480 grains. Symbol: gr.
6. the smallest possible amount of anything: a grain of truth.
7. the arrangement or direction of fibres in wood, or the resulting appearance or markings.
8. the side of leather from which the hair has been removed.
9. a stamped pattern to imitate natural grain of leather.
10. the fibres or yarn in a piece of fabric as differentiated from the fabric itself.
11. lamination or cleavage of stone, coal, etc.
12. Gems a unit of weight for pearls equal to 50 mg or ¼ carat.
13. (in diamond polishing) the cleavage directions.
14. the size of constituent particles of any substance; texture: sugar of fine grain.
15. granular texture or appearance: a stone of coarse grain.
16. Metallurgy an individual crystal forming part of a pure metal, especially one which has not attained its regular shape.
17. Geology the particles or discrete crystals which comprise a rock or sediment.
18. Geology a direction of splitting in rock, less pronounced than the rift and generally at right angles to it.
19. Photography one of the particles which constitute a photographic emulsion of a film or plate, the size of which limits the possible magnification of the projected image.
20. temper or natural character: to go against the grain.
21. Aerospace the solid propellant in a rocket, specially shaped to give the required combustion characteristics.
22. Obsolete colour or hue.
verb (t)
23. to form into grains, granulate.
24. to give a granular appearance to.
25. to paint in imitation of the grain of wood, stone, etc.
26. Tanning to remove the hair from (skins); soften and raise the grain of (leather).
phrase
27. go against the grain, to be contrary to one's natural inclinations or character. {Phrase Origin: referring to the grain of wood, it being easier to cut along the grain rather than across it}
28. take with a grain of salt, to believe in part only; have reservations. {Phrase Origin: with a grain of salt being a 17th-century English translation of the Latin phrase cum grano salis; with reference to the way in which salt is used, that is, in a small amount}
{Middle English greyn, from Old French grain, from Latin grānum grain, seed}
grainer, noun

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • grain — [ grɛ̃ ] n. m. • v. 1160; lat. granum → graine I ♦ 1 ♦ Fruit comestible des graminées. Le grain des céréales est un caryopse. Grain de blé, de maïs, de mil, de riz, d orge. Ôter les grains d un épi. ⇒ égrener. Menuis. GRAIN D ORGE. Assemblage à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grain — (gr[=a]n), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed, small kernel, small particle. See {Corn}, and cf. {Garner}, n., {Garnet}, {Gram} the chick pea, {Granule}, {Kernel.}] [1913 Webster] 1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grain — Grain, m. monosyllab. Est ce qui vient en l espi, contenant farine. Granum fromenti, hordei, siliginis, auenae, et semblables. Ainsi en bail à moison de grain on dit, Moyennant dix muyds de grain, les deux parts bled, le tiers avoine. Et selon ce …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • grain — [greın] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(food)¦ 2¦(lines in wood etc)¦ 3¦(small piece)¦ 4 a grain of something 5 against the grain 6¦(measure)¦ ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: Latin granum seed ] 1.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Grain — симметричный алгоритм синхронного потокового шифрования, ориентированный, в первую очередь на аппаратную реализацию. Шифр представлен на конкурсе eSTREAM в 2004 году Мартином Хеллом, Томасом Юханссоном и Вилли Мейером. Алгоритм стал одним из… …   Википедия

  • grain — [ greın ] noun ** 1. ) uncount the seeds from crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN that are used for food: bags of mixed grain a ) uncount food crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN: golden fields of grain b ) count an individual seed from one of… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • grain — [grān] n. [ME greyne < OFr grein, a seed, grain (< L granum, a seed, kernel) & grainne, seed or grain collectively (< LL grana, fem., orig. pl. of L granum) < IE base * ĝer , to become ripe > CORN1, KERNEL] 1. a small, hard seed or …   English World dictionary

  • GRAIN — is an international non governmental organization based in Barcelona, Spain, which works toward sustainable agriculture. It was formed upon the realization that the genetic diversity of the world s food crops has been drastically eliminated. Very …   Wikipedia

  • Grain — 〈[ grɛın] m. 6; bei Zahlenangaben Pl.: 〉 1. älteres kleines Juwelengewicht, 1/4 Karat 2. Gewichts u. Maßeinheit in Großbrit. u. den USA, 0,0648 g [frz. u. engl., „Korn“ <lat. granum „Korn“] * * * I Grain   [greɪn; englisch »Korn«] der, s/ ( …   Universal-Lexikon

  • grain — ► NOUN 1) wheat or other cultivated cereal used as food. 2) a single seed or fruit of a cereal. 3) a small, hard particle of a substance such as sand. 4) the smallest unit of weight in the troy and avoirdupois systems, equal to 1 / 5760 of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • grain|y — «GRAY nee», adjective, grain|i|er, grain|i|est. 1. like the grain of wood or marble. 2. grainlike; granular: »a grainy surface …   Useful english dictionary

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